Are trying to decide whether to spay your dog or not? Did you know there is a middle ground called an Ovary Sparing Spay (OSS)?
UPDATED: May 10, 2022
I didn’t until 2019 when, for the first time, I brought home a dog that wasn’t already desexed.
I knew that getting her “fixed” was the right thing to do for our situation but, now that I was bestowed the responsibility myself, I wanted to do some research first.
During that research, I learned that new science indicates spaying a dog at a young age wasn’t as beneficial as once thought and that there are a lot of pros and cons to an ovary sparing spay.
It seemed that waiting until a dog was older to spay, or opting for an Ovary Sparing Spay (OSS), which removes a female dog’s ability to get pregnant while allowing them to retain their growth hormones, might be a better way to go.
So, like I do, I went into research mode and spent months learning about the benefits of an ovary sparing spay, potential negative consequences and the details of what it is (and is not).
So that you don’t have to dig through all of the same information, I compiled the common, and what I think are the important, things to know into this article.
WARNING: This article is LONG. I put the most stand-out points toward the beginning of the article but included all of the important details.
What is an Ovary Sparing Spay?
A traditional spay (the term used for neutering a female dog) surgery can be done two ways – by removing a dog’s ovaries (ovariectomy) or removing the ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy).
Due to veterinary medicine advances, a traditional spay is not the only choice you have any more when it comes to making sure your dog can’t get pregnant.
Another option is what is called an Ovary Sparing Spay (OSS), which involves removal of the uterus and cervix while leaving one or both ovaries.
All three of these procedures will make sure your dog cannot reproduce, resulting in an unplanned litter.
The first two – ovariohysterectomy and ovariectomy – remove the female dog’s reproductive, and some growth, hormones.
The third – OSS – leaves the dog’s hormones in their “natural” state.
Why Do an Ovary Sparing Spay Instead of a Traditional Spay?
A female dog’s ovaries are the primary way the body produces the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
When the primary way for a dog to produce estrogen is stopped, a dog essentially goes into menopause.
There can be several negative consequences to a dog growing up from an early age without these hormones.
Below are all of the pros and cons of an ovary sparing spay, which removes a female dog’s reproductive hormones, that I considered.
First, a couple caveats.
It’s important to note that most studies on ovary sparing spay pros and cons involve larger dogs.
However, that doesn’t mean that the findings don’t apply to smaller dogs too. It just means that there has been less research.
I did find some studies that cited that the differences – with or without reproductive hormones – were less pronounced in smaller breeds (which may have to do with them maturing sooner).
Also, most of the studies measured the negative effects if a traditional spay was performed “too early”, which was defined as anything done before 12-18 months (the lower range applies to smaller dogs since they develop faster than larger dogs) and especially before 6 months.
While I didn’t read any evidence that the issues below are not factors if a dog’s ovaries are removed after the 18 month mark, it was definitely my impression that the extremes of the pros and cons are diminished (ie. not as big of a difference) if a dog is spayed after 18 months.
Still, I personally believe it’s possible the benefits and negative factors could be at play even if a dog’s ovaries are removed later in life.
Summary of the Pros and Cons of OSS vs Traditional Spay for Dachshunds
For those that don’t want to read my ginormous article – I condensed probably 100 articles and social media conversation threads below – here are the cliff notes.
But seriously, you should read the whole thing (especially the part where I say what I decided to do and why) because there is so much important info to consider in your decision.
Here is what stood out to me and what I think the pros and cons of OSS vs traditional spay are:
Pros of Ovary Sparing Spay for Dogs:
- A dog can’t get pregnant
- A dog gets to keep their natural hormones
- It may help prevent injuries to ligaments and joint structures such as CCL tears and disk herniations due to IVDD/IVDH
- There is little or no behavior change (besides normal hormonal changes during heat cycles – see cons below)
- None of the behavior changes associated with traditional spay: potentially becoming more aggressive, fearful, anxious, and more difficult to train (see the behavioral changes section below)
- There is a significantly reduced risk of incontinence (spay incontinence)
- There is potentially less risks for bone cancer (I didn’t discuss this below because it primarily affects larger, male dogs but you can read about it HERE)
- Effectively reduces the nuisance of bleeding during heats (although a small amount of discharge may still occur)
- Removes the risk of infection of the uterus (pyometra), as long as ALL of the uterus and cervix are removed. (see cons below)
- An owner has the option to have a traditional spay performed later
- There is a significantly decreased chance of becoming overweight (Up to 50% of spayed/neutered dogs are obese)
Cons of an Ovary Sparing Spay for Dogs:
- A female still has heat cycle so experiences hormonal changes that affect behavior and attractiveness to males (ie. can still cause fighting among males and male dogs will still try to mount)
- Many dog daycares and sitters don’t accept female dogs while they are in heat
- Some businesses and organizations don’t recognize OSS so it may not meet the requirements of a rescue or dog daycare
- There may still be some discharge associated with heat cycles
- There is an increased risk of mammary tumors
- There is a risk of stump pyometra if the cervix isn’t completely removed
- There is potential for a longer recovery time because of the longer incision typically required (may be negligible)
- There is potential of a higher cost because of longer time in surgery (may be negligible)
- A dog will need to be monitored/screened for mammary tumors (manually at home and/or ultrasounds) for the rest of their life and they may require treatment.
- It may be difficult to find a vet in your area that is knowledgeable about the ovary sparing spay procedure and who will be sure to do it properly
The only way to make sure a dog never gets pregnant is by removing their ability to do so and I fully believe in doing that if there aren’t specific reasons for not doing it (breeding, sports competitions, etc.).
However, the traditional spay that removes all of a dog’s reproductive organs is not the only option anymore.
To me, ovary-sparing spay is a good option for helping to control pet overpopulation, and unplanned litters, while avoiding the negative effects associated with removing a dog’s ovaries and hormones.
Continue reading below for more details about the benefits and drawbacks of an ovary sparing spay.
The Link Between Neutering/Spaying a Dachshund and Intervertebral Disk Herniation (IVDH)
Dachshunds are prone to back problems, primarily caused by a genetic disease called Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD).
IVDD can cause the spine to prematurely degenerate and become brittle.
Compromised disks are susceptible to Intervertebral Disk Herniation (IVDH) and can result in back injuries or paralysis.
Among the many of the articles I reviewed, these terms were sometimes used interchangeably to reference back injuries in Dachshunds.
To get right to my point, I found this article that stated, the frequency of “Intervertebral Disc Disease increased in gonadectomized (spayed/neutered) dogs.”
A 2015 UK study (Packer, et al.) also revealed increased incidence of IVDD in neutered [and spayed] Dachshunds.
The study authors did point out that there are many factors at play besides just reproductive hormones.
For example, they found that dogs that were highly or moderately active for more than 1 hour per day showed a decrease incidence of IVDD-related injuries (dogs that exercised for less than 30 minutes per day were found to be more at risk).
A study in 2018 reexamined the data from the surveys collected during the previous 2015 study.
This examination was more specifically aimed at making a connection between the removal of hormones, and at what age the hormones were removed, and the incidence of IVDH in Dachshunds.
The new study (Canine Genet Epidemiol) confirmed that “neutered females were at significantly higher risk of IVDH than entire females.”
In regard to age, they found if a female Dachshund was neutered before 12 months old, they were around twice as likely to develop IVDH as unneutered females.
In the study conclusion, although they said that the decision to spay or not to spay is personal and should consider many different factors, “the… increased IVDH risk associated with neutering is a key factor to consider in deciding whether and when to neuter.”
The bottom line regarding back injury and traditional spay in Dachshunds:
There is a clear link between hormones – specifically, the lack of hormones in a female dog that has had their ovaries removed – and back issues in Dachshunds.
Preliminary studies found that the risk of a Dachshund developing IVDH is doubled in females neutered/spayed before 12 months of age.
While there are certainly other factors involved, the effect of removing a female dog’s ovaries is very likely to have a negative impact on spinal health.
The Link Between Neuter/Spay and Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) Injuries in Small Dogs
One of the biggest cases for OSS is the decreased incidence of Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture (or CCL – the human equivalent of an ACL injury) in active dogs.
In short, the Cranial Cruciate Ligament stabilizes the knee joint. When a dog experiences a CCL injury, they may become lame or not be able to walk using that leg.
The CCL injury can be acute – occurring from a forceful, sudden trauma – or occur as a result of weakening of the ligament over time.
A ruptured CCL is the most common orthopedic injury in dog, especially in large breed dogs. (source)
Some studies have shown that 8% of females neutered before 12 months of age developed CCL injuries later in life. (source)
But how common are these types of injuries in small dogs and Dachshunds in particular?
According to the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, “Certain dog breeds are known to have a higher incidence of CrCLD (cranial cruciate ligament disease)… while others are less often affected (Greyhound, Dachshund, Basset Hound, and Old English Sheepdog)”
Other contributing factors to CCL injuries include inactivity with occasional strenuous activity (weekend warrior syndrome), straight conformation in the hind limbs (source), and nutrition.
According to Dr. Karen Shaw Becker, a lack of dietary manganese can significantly affect the frequency of CCL injuries.
She also said that, “While nutrition plays a big role in protecting ligaments, desexed animals have more CCL damage than intact animals. Sex hormones appear to have a protective effect on the musculoskeletal system.”
The bottom line in regard to CCL injury and traditional spay:
My research shows that it is certainly possible for a Dachshund to experience a CCL rupture, although it’s less common in this particular breed and small dogs in general.
My takeaway is, yes, spaying a female Dachshund can have an effect on the incidence of CCL injuries but it’s probably not the biggest factor.
Factors that likely have a larger influence are being inactive most of the time, being overweight, and nutrition.
The Link Between a Traditional Spay and Incontinence
Urinary incontinence tends to be more common in female dogs who have had a traditional spay (specifically, had their ovaries removed).
One common cause of this “spay incontinence” is the weakening of the urinary tract muscles due to the lack of estrogen.
Lack of estrogen may cause the muscle used to control the exit of urine to become weak and release urine involuntarily.
Incontinence is most common during rest as these muscles are further relaxed.
Note: Gretel is 12 years old and spayed. This has actually happened to her a few times.
One study found that the average rate of incontinence in female dogs with their ovaries removed was 20.1%.
The onset of incontinence varied between immediately after a traditional spay to 12 years with an average period of 2.9 years after surgery.
The study found that dogs with a smaller body weight (under 44 lbs) developed spay incontinence less frequently (only 9.3% on average).
Dachshunds, specifically, were found to have a spay incontinence rate of 11.1%.
This type of incontinence is typically and successfully treated with drugs.
However, it is possible that a dog can experience negative side effects from these hormones and medications.
A female dog’s risk of incontinence later in life is significantly reduced if she retains her hormones, but it can still happen.
The bottom line between incontinence and the removal of reproductive hormones:
Incontinence in middle aged dogs who have had their ovaries removed is common.
However, it appears to occur at a lower than average rate in Dachshunds who have had their ovaries removed.
One study found that Dachshunds eperienced a rate of spay incontinence half that of other dog breeds (11% vs 20%).
Spay incontinence is relatively treatable and incontinence can be managed with environmental (home) and lifestyle modifications.
Behavioral Changes in Spayed/Neutered Dogs
Years ago, and still somewhat today, spaying or neutering a dog was recommended to curb “undesirable behavioral issues”.
The unwanted behaviors that may be diminished weren’t always discussed with dog owners.
However, it’s assumed that the behaviors that would be eliminated were directly related to a dog no longer having reproductive hormones.
For example, spayed female dogs are less likely to roam when in heat, urinate frequently or “mark”, and be less irritable and aggressive (because a female experiencing heat cycles can be).
Unfortunately, scientists are finding that removing a female dog’s hormones may create as many, or more, behavioral problems as it was supposed to help.
As Dr. Deborah Duffy puts it, in her presentation Non-reproductive Effects of Spaying and Neutering on Behavior in Dogs, “For most behaviors, spaying/neutering was associated with worse behavior, contrary to conventional wisdom”
Dr. Stanley Coren, in a Psychology Today article, discussed two valuable and reliable studies that show removing a female dogs reproductive hormones can actually increases aggression, fearfulness, and anxiety in the dog, as well as make them more difficult to train.
Dr. Stanley Coren found:
- Spayed and neutered dogs show considerably more aggression, varying from a 20% increase to more than double depending on the type of aggression measured (toward people, toward other dogs, etc.)
- For females, early spaying (before the dog is one year of age) causes a considerably larger increase in aggression relative to later spaying [relative to male dogs]
- There was a roughly 31% increase in fearfulness for both sexes.
- There was a roughly 33% increase in touch sensitivity for both sexes
- There was a roughly 8% increase in excitability (assumed that was excitability in the negative sense) for both sexes
These results have been confirmed in another, more recent, large scale study.
That study says, “Neutered dogs… showed many more fear-related behaviors.
- Responses to loud noises
- When first exposed to unfamiliar situations
- When approached directly by an unfamiliar child
- When barked at, or growled at, by an unfamiliar dog
- When approached by another dog of similar or larger size
- When encountering strange or unfamiliar objects on or near the sidewalk
- When encountering windblown objects
- When examined by a veterinarian; or when having their nails clipped.”
Once again, the younger the dog was when neutered, the greater these fear-related effects appear to be.
Behaviors Lost: Ending the Heat Cycle
All of those potential “gained” behaviors due to the removal of ovaries and hormones sound pretty undesirable to me.
However, there are definitely behaviors associated with the female dog heat cycle that may also be undesirable (ie. These go away if you go with a traditional spay).
Dealing with a dog that goes into a month-long heat cycle twice a year isn’t for everyone.
Especially in a culture, unlike Europe, where the majority of dog owners aren’t used of managing unaltered dogs.
A female dog in heat will likely display all or many of these behaviors:
- She may be jumpy or on edge
- She may become more clingy during the heat cycle
- Male dogs may become obsessively interested in her, and potentially fight over her, and she will sometimes solicit the behavior because she is “feeling frisky”
- Other female dogs may be aggressive toward her and she may be aggressive back
- She may exhibit mounting behavior (yes, females)
- Excessive licking may occur (primarily the vulva)
- She may exhibit increased urination or “marking”
- About a month or two after her heat cycle is over, and lasting approximately a month, she may have a “false pregnancy” and exhibit undesirable behavior like restlessness, depression, mammary gland secretions, etc.
The Bottom Line in regard to behavior change and the removal of reproductive hormones in a female dog:
There is no doubt that traditional spay, where the ovaries and hormones are removed, results in behavior changes.
It turns out, especially in female dogs, the negative behavior changes may likely outweigh any positive behavior changes.
What stands out to me here – almost shockingly so – is that a lot of “negative traits” of Dachshunds, and small dogs in general, are the same behaviors Dr. Stanley Coren attributed to a female dog having their reproductive hormones removed.
It makes me question how much of these behaviors (separation anxiety, reactivity/defensiveness toward other dogs, fear of children, etc.) are just natural Dachshund traits and how many we THINK are just because most of us in the US only meet Dachshunds who have had their ovaries removed.
However, some of the behaviors associated with the heat cycle can be annoying or troublesome and a dog who had OSS done still experiences those cycles.
I absolutely believe it’s important to carefully weigh the pros and cons and know the choice one is making between traditional spay and OSS when it comes to a dog’s potential behavior.
One must be prepared to deal with the potential consequences whether a full spay or and ovary sparing spay is chosen.
Note: As stated above, you can perform a traditional spay after OSS (at an additional cost of course) if your dog does display more undesired behaviors associated with heat cycles than you would like.
Ovary Sparing Spay and Pyometra
This discussion is pretty quick.
Pyometra is a sometimes deadly infection of the uterus.
Any dog who still has a uterus and ovaries (the estrogen influences it) is at risk of developing it.
A dog with no ovaries can’t get pyometra.
A dog with no uterus and cervix can’t get pyometra since that is where the infection occurs.
The catch with OSS comes when every bit of the cervix is not removed during the procedure.
To remove the risk of a dog developing pyometra, the cervix and uterus must be removed carefully and completely.
The bottom line:
As long as I can be confident that the veterinarian performing the OSS procedure will completely remove the uterus and cervix, the risk of a dog developing pyometra is very little to none.
The Risk of Mammary Tumors With Ovary Sparing Spay
Mammary tumors are just what they sound like – tumors that develop in the breasts of female dogs.
The development of these tumors is hormone-induced – affected by estrogen and progesterone.
Mammary tumors are more common in female dogs that are either not spayed or were spayed after 2 years of age.
Adult [intact] female dogs (9 to 12 years old) were most likely to get mammary tumors, followed by 5- to 8-year-old females. (source)
The risk of a dog developing a mammary tumor is 0.5% if spayed before their first heat (approximately 6 months of age), 8% after their first heat, and 26% after their second heat. (also source above).
The (same) study found that there are other significant factors at play though.
These factors include environmental pollution, chemical exposure, and being overweight (having a lot of fat on the body).
Only about half of mammary tumors are cancerous and surgery, potentially followed by chemotherapy, is effective in many of the cases (but can be costly, especially if one doesn’t have pet insurance).
While all of my research to this point suggested an INCREASED risk of negative “effects” if a dog was traditionally spayed too early, in the case of mammary tumors, removal of the ovaries before 6 months of age significantly decreases the risk for tumor development.
In a previous study at the Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, it was shown that dogs spayed, either at the same time of their tumor removal or within two years prior to the tumor surgery, lived significantly longer than dogs that remained unspayed after their tumors were removed.
The bottom line:
The risk of mammary tumors in female dogs that still have their ovaries – either intact or due to electing for an ovary-sparing spay – is higher.
However, there are other significant factors that contribute to the occurrence of mammary tumors.
Mammary tumors may be more common in Dachshunds than in other breeds.
Around half of mammary tumors are not cancerous. However, they still need to be medically addressed and cancerous tumors are commonly fatal.
How Much Does an Ovary Sparing Spay Cost?
The ovary sparing spay procedure is a bit more time consuming to perform than a traditional spay and may require a longer incision. Both of these things can increase the cost.
My research has revealed that OSS can cost anywhere from $250-$1,000, with the most common figures I’ve seen being in the $500-$800 range.
The cost of having a female dog spayed using the traditional procedure can be significantly less.
I’ve heard of some shelters, or low-cost spay/neuter clinics, charging well under $100 for the procedure.
According to PetCareRx, “[Traditional] spaying services can cost anywhere from $35 to $300 dollars. Certain factors, including the health or age of your pet, the region of the country you live in, the breed of dog, and where the procedure happens, can all influence the cost.”
Obesity or diabetes in a pet can add $25 to $50 to the cost, for example, as can bringing in an animal in heat (many veterinarians won’t even do it during a dog’s heat).
Blood work prior to the procedure, to check kidney and liver function, can add about $40. Pain medications might cost an additional $15.”
The bottom line:
While an ovary sparing spay is likely more costly than a traditional spay, that is not always the case and the difference may be negligible.
During my research (on 2019), I found that an ovary sparing spay can cost the same as a traditional spay but most commonly costs two or three times as much.
It’s worth calling around to local veterinarians and getting price quotes.
Long-Term Cost Considerations of an Ovary Sparing Spay
While there may be many benefits of OSS, there are extra long-term care and costs that should be taken into consideration.
A dog with their ovaries, whether intact or one who had OSS performed, is susceptible to mammary tumors later in life.
If one opts for OSS, they must be prepared to regularly monitor their dog (ideally, through ultrasound), have any suspicious lumps biopsied, and to have surgery performed if their dog gets mammary tumors.
At the very least, if the tumors are not cancerous, this surgery involves removing part or all of the breast tissue and the ovaries (to reduce the risk of re-occurrence).
Under a worst-case-scenario, a dog may need expensive cancer treatment to save their life or the owner may need to opt for euthanasia.
One also needs to consider, especially if they are used to owning dogs that have been spayed or neutered, that an OSS dog may exhibit undesirable behaviors that make the owner want to go ahead and do a traditional spay later.
That means that an owner will have incurred costs from the initial OSS procedure and of a traditional spay, effectively doubling the cost or more.
The bottom line:
It’s important to know what choice one is making and be sure you can fully commit, lifestyle-wise and financially, to having a dog with ovaries monitored for mammary tumors throughout their life.
It would also be highly advised to have pet health insurance if opting for OSS.
While pet health insurance won’t cover a traditional spay down the road if that is desired, it can definitely help offset the bulk of costs associated with mammary-tumor surgery and treating cancers.
My Discussion with a Veterinarian About Ovary Sparing Spay
At a certain point, I felt like I had researched the benefits, and negatives, of ovary sparing spay to exhaustion. I felt like I was going in circles.
However, it still wasn’t enough for me to make a decision. I decided to talk directly with a veterinarian that regularly performs this procedure.
Going into the appointment, my main concerns were the mammary tumor potential, negative behavioral changes, and the possibility of injury from being really active (hiking) and/or IVDD.
The veterinarian generously sat down with me for an hour to discuss every little question on my mind.
In regard to mammary tumors, she said that the study that cites a 26% chance of mammary tumors after the second heat is from the 70’s.
No more recent, and relevant, studies have been done so that information is likely outdated.
She said in countries where it’s common to leave a dog intact, there is definitely a higher incidence of mammary tumors though.
Her point being that, yes, there is an elevated chance of mammary tumors with OSS but we can’t be sure it’s 26%. So many lifestyle factors can affect the chance of getting cancer.
What rose to the top of “pros” of OSS for me, was the orthopedic benefits.
She 100% believes, based on research and personal experience, that leaving the hormones allows a dog to maintain muscle/ligament tone and reduce injury later in life.
Leaving the hormones also means that a dog’s metabolism is faster, making it easier for Dachshunds to not become overweight, which is a huge factor in the severity and occurrence of IVDD back injuries, cancers, etc.
What became the biggest “con” to OSS for me was the lifestyle modifications I need to consider. A female dog that still has at least one ovary needs to be treated like she is still in-tact.
That means always being vigilant when she is in heat and the restriction of some options always available to traditionally spayed dogs.
For example, if we have a trip planned, and there is a rare instance when we want to put the dogs in a local daycare so we can do something dog-free that day, we will have to cancel those plans if she goes into heat (I’m not aware of any dog daycare (and a lot of sitters) that allow you to bring a dog if she is in heat).
Also, we have to watch for Summit’s heat causing aggression or dog fights.
Where we live, it’s very common to have dogs spayed and neutered. Because those other dogs don’t have their hormones, they probably won’t react to Summit when she is in heat. At least not nearly as much.
We travel a lot too though.
It’s mostly in the US where spaying and neutering are more common but I would like to travel to a European country with Summit someday where it’s not.
Also, we often travel to rural US areas where it may be less common to neuter a dog.
The vet also wanted to make sure that I fully understood the choice I was making when it comes to any change in behavior.
Regardless of reproductive status, a dog’s personality can change significantly when they are 2-3 years old due to maturity (other hormones).
I was more concerned with not removing Summit’s hormones and “forcing” a personality change. If she changed on her own, that was ok.
One final, and probably one of the most important, points she made was to wait at least one heat cycle (Summit has already had one) before deciding on OSS.
Since a dog with ovaries still experiences a heat, and displays associated behavior, and the potential for false pregnancy that can stress a dog out and cause concerning behaviors, it’s important to know what kind of cycle-related personality changes you will be living with.
What Did I Decide to Do?
Before I even talked with the vet, my gut said to go with an ovary sparing spay.
Although I knew only I could make the right decision for my Dachshund, I gave the veterinarian the chance to pitch me either way why OSS is best for us or might not be.
She didn’t try to advise me against it. She was 100% clear there would be an orthopedic, and weight-management, benefits and I was 100% on board with those benefits.
Her biggest advice against OSS was the warning that a dog with hormones does mean some lifestyle changes that could potentially impact our adventures. I was ok with that.
I keep going back to the analogy of cutting hair. Once you chop it all off, you can’t add any back. But it’s totally possible to take one step at a time until you’re satisfied with the results.
Although I don’t prefer to put Summit through a second surgery later, doing OSS now would leave me the option of a full spay later if we found her having her hormones to be problematic for any reason (although the vet said no one had ever come back and asked that the last ovary be removed).
UPDATE – How Am I Feeling About My Decision Three Years Later?
Summit got an ovary-sparing spay in June of 2019. We’ve been through several heat cycles since then.
I couldn’t be happier with my choice. There are very few negatives for me.
But I’ve never lived with a dog that has their hormones before so this is all new to me.
It’s definitely a different experience, mostly in regard to her energy and personality, but I’m not sure how much of that comes down to her natural tendencies vs being intact (for all intents and purposes).
My other two dogs were spayed/neutered before they came to live with me so I didn’t experience the recovery period.
However, my first Dachshund Chester did undergo several surgeries.
In my experience, the ovary sparing spay was the easiest and fastest surgical recovery I’ve ever experienced.
Summit acted like her normal self within 24 hours (after the anesthesia wore off).
Summit is still young, and has mellowed with age, but she is moodier than Gretel.
Gretel, who received an traditional spay, is pretty predictable – I know what to expect from her every day.
On the other hand, Summit is a new dog every day. Sometimes, and especially near and during her head cycle, she can be downright hard to deal with.
Her sleep pattern changes and she has a tendency to wake me up in the middle of the night.
Her energy level is off the charts. No matter how much exercise she gets, she is still a little terror who zooms around, chews up beds and blankets, and barks more often.
I know it’s a choice I made though and part of me loves that she keeps me on my toes.
One of the studies above found that a dog’s body sensitivity, or sensitivity to being touch, could increase significantly after a dog is spayed.
In Summit’s case, she has always been way more body sensitive than my other two Dachshunds. There was no change in this behavior after the ovary sparing spay.
I can see the physical differences in her vs Gretel and it’s not just because Gretel is 8 years older.
My other Dachshund, Gretel, was spayed before we adopted her and she never achieved the muscle tone Summit has. Summit just looks leaner and stronger.
Discharge during heat cycles
Summit has very minimal to zero discharge during her heats. However, although it was more than it is now, she never had a lot before the OSS.
One of the “cons” of an unaltered female dog is increased licking of the vulva.
Summit does still clean herself during her heats but since the discharge is minimal, so is the licking. And I appreciate her keeping herself clean.
Behavior around in-tact dogs around my OSS female
Although I’m cautious about where I take Summit during her head cycle, I don’t notice much difference between how interested other dogs are in her, whether she is in heat or not.
Unneutered male dogs tend to not care about sniffing her any more than another female dog.
However, intact male dogs do show an increased interest in sniffing her, whether she is in a heat cycle or not.
If an intact male dog sniffs Summit too long (and I mean more than a second or two) she often snaps at them. It’s clear she doesn’t like this increased interest.
I know this so I just watch her interactions, request that the other dog owner doesn’t let their dog intensely pursue her, and remove her from the situation if needed.
Resources for Further Information on OSS
In addition to reading all of the articles I linked to above, check out these resources if you want to learn more about ovary sparing spay.
Speak with a local veterinarian knowledgeable about the procedure in your area (you can find them HERE).
About the Author
Hi, I’m Jessica. I’ve been studying the Dachshund breed since 2007, owned 3 of my own, and shared in the lives of thousands of others through their owner’s stories. When I’m not sharing what I know on this blog, you can find me hiking, camping, and traveling with my adventurous wiener dogs.