A big part of Gretel’s active recovery from her back injury, caused by Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD), are prescribed rehab exercises. They are designed to improve her strength, balance, and body awareness. By doing these exercises, she is less likely to suffer re-injury. She’ll also be a better hiker for it.
Because IVDD is a genetic, degenerative spinal disease, these exercises won’t guarantee that there won’t be a re-occurrence. There is a 20% chance that disks not involved in the initial injury can bulge or rupture. However, making Gretel stronger and more flexible can help support her spine, increase circulation to the disks, teach her proper body mechanics so that she is not putting undue stress on her spine, and help to keep future episodes mild.
All of these exercises can be done at home if you have the right equipment. This is the equipment I have for our “home gym”:
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- K9 FITbone
- PowRFIT Cone Set
- FitPAWS Mini Egg
- FitPAWS Donut
- 14″ FitPAWS® Balance Disc
- Square cut out of a cheap yoga mat for a rear paw target (one from the thrift store is pretty cheap)
However, I am currently taking Gretel to a doggy gym once a week. We are working with a trainer so that I can learn to communicate with Gretel better and she can learn the exercises I’m asking her to do.
I tried doing them all at home myself in the beginning. I am impatient though. Gretel is a smart dog, and the things I have “trained” her to do up to this point were simple, so I was used to her just “getting it” right away. The fact that she would do the exercises ok when the rehab vet demonstrated them, but it just wasn’t working when I got home, frustrated me and made me want to give up.
Well, I actually DID start to give up on doing them. That’s when I decided to start taking her to the gym. We see J Linn at the Splashdog Canine Well-Being Center in Edmonds, Wash. and it’s really helped. She was able to take more time with me than the rehab vet and really determine a method that worked for me and Gretel to get her to do the thing.
These are the exercises I was given for Gretel:
- Sit to stand – This exercise strengthens the rear legs. It’s pretty simple. We started on the floor and then moved to doing it on the K9 FITbone. I make her sit and then stand, ideally without taking a step forward. The key here is to get her to use her back legs to push herself up instead of her front legs to pull her up.
- All 4 unstable – This exercise strengthens the core. It’s done on an unstable surface like the K9 FITbone, disk, or donut. It’s important to keep her topline (back) straight and neutral and be standing on her paws, not squatting or resting on their wrist or ankles. For this exercise, it’s about standing properly and balancing on an unstable surface.
- Three-legged stand – This exercise strengthens her core and improves balance. This starts by her standing on an unstable surface as above. Then I gently lift one paw at a time. The goal is to get her to shift her weight to the other three paws and not push on my hand to hold herself up or balance. This is done with both front and back legs.
- Paws Up – This exercise strengthens the core and hindquarters. I place her front paws on an unstable surface, elevated about 4 – 6″ off the ground. We started with the easier K9 FITbone and progressed to the mini egg. The idea is to encourage a weight shift to her rear legs. Her head should be held up and her back should be straight.
- Rear paw target – This exercise strengthens the core and chest muscles. Like the paws up but with the back legs. Get her into position by using a cookie to get her to walk up and over the K9 FITbone. Have her stop once her front legs are on the ground but her back legs are still up on the bone.
- Paws up to rear paw target – Strengthens the core muscles, rear muscles and chest muscles. Do the paws up exercise and hold for 10 – 15 seconds. Then have them walk over the FITbone so they are in the rear paw target position. Hold that for 10 – 15 seconds. You can then have them step down, walk around the bone, and then start over. To make the exercise more difficult, you can use a cookie to get them to back up and put both their front and back feet on the bone, and then back up some more to step their back feet off.
- Paws up pivot – This exercise strengthens the core and enhances body awareness. For this exercise, the dog places their front paws on a balance disk, which elevates their feet 2 – 3 ” off the ground, and then pivots their back-end around that point. It forces them to do a side-step.
- Walk backwards – This exercise teaches body and hind leg awareness. The gym instructor created a chute with an X-pen and enticed her with a treat. Asked her to walk in and then back out in one fluid movement. Started with going in just a little and then increased the depth. Once Gretel got down what she was being asked to do, we progressed to asking her to back up to a target with no walls on either side of her.
- Cavaletti rails – If you are not familiar, these are like small horse jumps with several in a row. The goal is to get your dog to step over them one leg at a time – first front, second front, first back, second back – without hopping or jumping. It teaches them body awareness and to pay attention to what their feet are doing. Also, to pick up/bend their back legs instead of walking stiff-legged and swinging them around to the outside of the hips (like Gretel used to do). I started with 1 1/2″ PVC pipe laid on the ground and then progressed to poles elevated about 3 inches off of the ground (link to set). 4 – 6 poles placed as far apart at the dog is tall at the shoulders (we started with them farther apart until she got the exercise and then moved them closer together – the goal being for her to be moving a front and back leg at the same time.
This is a long list of exercises. At first, I thought I was supposed to do all of them 5 times a week. There was no way I was going to be able to fit that into my schedule!
After thinking about what would be realistic for me, and discussing the expectations with her rehab vet, I settled on a balance that could work. My long-term goal is to do 2 – 3 of these exercises with her per session and to 2 – 3 sessions a week.
I always thought Gretel was strong (she IS) so I wasn’t sure these exercises were going to help her much. However, she wasn’t strong in a balanced way. Now both of her thighs are the same size when the rehab vet measures them. The circumference of her thighs has increased 1 cm since starting the exercises, which is a lot for a little dog. I’ve noticed that her gait has improved and she’s moving in a more mechanically correct way. Seeing these kinds of improvements is motivation for me to keep making the exercise sessions happen
I’ll be honest. It is still hard to consistently fit them into my schedule. I need to make improvements in my own health that involve cooking for myself, yoga and regular exercise and the two things compete for my time. I’m practicing not being hard on myself and celebrating the times I AM able to get all of her exercises in for the week. As she is, this habit is also a work in progress.